From Red to Beige: Discovering the Colorful Range of Indian Sandstone

Welcome to a fascinating journey through the vibrant world of Indian sandstone! From its origins in fiery red hues to its transformation into soothing beige tones, this remarkable stone has been an integral part of India’s architectural heritage for centuries. Join us as we unveil the rich palette and stunning variety of this natural wonder, delving into the captivating history, distinctive characteristics, and endless possibilities that make Indian sandstone a true marvel in both aesthetics and versatility. 

Introduction to Indian Sandstone:

Indian Sandstone is a popular choice for both residential and commercial applications due to its vibrant colours, durability, and affordability. It is a sedimentary rock formed from sand-sized grains of minerals or rocks, compressed and cemented together by natural processes over millions of years. India produces around 27% of the world’s natural stone supply, making it a leading exporter of sandstone.

Types of Sandstone Available in India:- 

Sandstone is a popular natural stone used in construction and landscaping due to its durability, versatility, and aesthetic appeal. It is composed of sand-sized grains of minerals or rock fragments cemented together by natural binders such as silica or calcium carbonate.

India is one of the largest producers of sandstone in the world, with its vast geological diversity resulting in a wide range of colours and textures. From vibrant reds to subtle beiges, Indian sandstone offers endless options for adding beauty and character to any project. Let’s explore some of the different types of sandstone available in India.

1. Red Sandstone:

Red sandstone is a strikingly beautiful variety with rich earthy tones ranging from deep maroon to lighter shades of brick red. It gets its colour from iron oxide deposits found within the stone. One of the most popular types of red sandstone in India is the Agra Red Sandstone, known for its bold colour and smooth texture.

It has been used as a popular building material in India for centuries, with numerous structures such as temples and forts showcasing its rich colour and ornate carvings. In this section, we will delve deeper into the history, properties, and uses of red sandstone in India.


The use of red sandstone in India dates back to ancient times when it was first discovered in the state of Rajasthan. The region is known for its vast reserves of high-quality red sandstone, making it the primary source of this material. The famous Red Fort in Delhi was built using red sandstone during the Mughal era, showcasing its longevity and durability.


Red sandstone gets its characteristic colour from iron oxide particles embedded within the sedimentary rock. This gives it a warm reddish-brown tone that varies depending on the concentration of minerals present. It also contains quartz grains that give it a rough texture perfect for carving intricate designs.

One unique feature of red sandstone is that it changes colour according to the light falling on it. During sunrise and sunset, its colour deepens to a vibrant shade resembling fire or blood – hence earning itself the moniker “firebrand.” This property makes red sandstone an ideal choice for creating captivating structures that change their appearance throughout the day.


In ancient times, red sandstone was primarily used for constructing religious buildings like temples and mosques. Now it can be used for exterior wall cladding. 

2. Yellow Sandstone:

Yellow sandstone exudes warmth and adds a sunny vibe to any space. Its golden-yellow hues are caused by iron oxide impurities mixed with quartz particles, creating a unique glimmer effect when exposed to sunlight. The Mint Yellow Sandstone is highly renowned for its elegant veining patterns and durability. 

It’s a popular choice for home and landscape design due to its warm and inviting hue. Found in various regions of India, this type of sandstone is widely used for both interior and exterior applications.


Yellow sandstone gets its unique colour from the high concentration of iron oxide within its composition. It is primarily made up of fine quartz grains that are cemented together by silica. This gives it a smooth texture which makes it an ideal material for flooring and wall cladding.


What sets yellow sandstone apart from other types of stone is its beautiful golden-yellow colour with subtle variations throughout the surface. The shades range from pale yellow to dark mustard, giving each piece a one-of-a-kind appearance. When exposed to sunlight, this stone often takes on a brighter hue, making it perfect for outdoor spaces such as patios or walkways.


One of the major reasons for the popularity of yellow sandstone is its durability. It has good resistance against weathering and erosion, making it suitable for use in all climates. It can withstand heavy foot traffic without losing its natural beauty which makes it an ideal material for both indoor and outdoor areas.


The versatility of yellow sandstone allows it to be used in various applications including flooring, wall cladding, paving, landscaping features like garden benches or fountains, fireplace surrounds, countertops, and much more. 

3. Beige Sandstone:

From creamy vanilla shades to warm beige tones, buff/beige-coloured sandstones are versatile options that can complement both traditional and modern designs effortlessly. Its warm and earthy tones make it a popular choice for both indoor and outdoor applications. It is known for its durability, ease of maintenance, and beautiful natural variations in colour and texture.

Originating from the Thar desert region in India, beige sandstone is formed from layers of loose sediment which have been compressed over millions of years. This unique geological process results in a stone that is strong, dense, and highly resistant to weathering, making it ideal for use in various construction projects.

One of the key features that sets beige sandstone apart from other types of sandstone is its rich colour palette. Ranging from light cream-like teakwood sandstone to golden hues, this stone can also feature streaks or specks of brown, pink, or even subtle shades of grey. These variations give each piece a unique character and add depth to any design.

In terms of texture, beige sandstone offers a smooth surface with occasional fine grains or subtle swirls that create an interesting visual appeal. Its naturally non-slip surface makes it perfect for use in areas where slip-resistance is crucial such as pool decks, patios, or garden pathways.

Another advantage of using beige sandstone is its versatility in design applications. Due to its neutral tone, it can easily blend with any style – whether traditional or contemporary – making it a go-to option for many architects and designers. 

Teakwood sandstone
Teakwood sandstone

4. Rainbow Sandstone

Rainbow Sandstone is a stunning natural stone that is quarried in the Indian state of Rajasthan. It is known for its vibrant, multi-coloured appearance, which gives it its name. This sandstone comes in a range of colours and patterns that resemble the beautiful shades of a rainbow, making it a popular choice for both residential and commercial projects.

The colour variations seen in Rainbow Sandstone are due to iron oxide deposits found within the stone. These iron oxides give different hues of red, orange, yellow, purple, pink, brown and green to the sandstone. The colours can also change depending on the angle of light hitting the surface of the stone, giving it an ever-changing appearance.

One of the most distinctive features of Rainbow Sandstone is its smooth and textured surface. The stone has a subtle rippled texture that was formed by centuries of erosion from wind and water. This unique texture adds depth to any design and makes Rainbow Sandstone an attractive choice for outdoor spaces such as patios, walkways or pool areas.

Not only does this sandstone have aesthetic appeal but it also has practical benefits. Rainbow Sandstone is incredibly durable and weather-resistant, making it suitable for various climates and environments. It can withstand extreme temperatures without cracking or fading in color, making it an excellent option for both hot summers and freezing winters.

Rainbow sandstone
Rainbow sandstone

5. Gold Sandstone

Gold sandstone is a popular variation of Indian sandstone that has gained immense popularity in recent years. With its unique colour and texture, Gold Sandstone offers a perfect blend of durability and aesthetic appeal, making it a preferred choice for many homeowners and landscape designers.

Originating from the state of Rajasthan in India, gold sandstone is formed by sedimentary rocks cemented together over thousands of years. It obtains its distinctive gold colour from iron oxides present in the sediments during its formation. This natural colouring process gives it a timeless appearance that adds character to any space it is used in.

One of the biggest advantages of using gold sandstone is its durability. With high compressive strength, it can withstand heavy foot traffic as well as harsh weather conditions without losing its charm or structural integrity. This makes it an excellent material for paving driveways, walkways, patios, and other outdoor surfaces prone to frequent use.

Another notable feature of gold sandstone is its slip-resistant surface. The textured finish on the stone provides a good grip even when wet, making it suitable for pool areas or high-moisture environments such as bathrooms or even can be used as a nameplate for a house or a fountain can be made from gold sandstone. 

Factors Affecting the Price of Indian Sandstone

Indian sandstone is known for its stunning range of colours, durability, and versatility. It is a popular choice for a variety of outdoor and indoor projects, including patios, walkways, poolsides, and even interior flooring. However, not all Indian sandstone is priced the same. There are various factors that can affect the price of this natural stone, making it important for buyers to understand these factors before making a purchase.

1. Quality

The quality of Indian sandstone plays a significant role in determining its price. Higher-quality stones will have fewer imperfections such as chips or cracks and will be more consistent in colour and texture. These stones are often hand-selected by manufacturers to ensure they meet certain standards, which can increase their cost. On the other hand, lower-quality stones may have more variations in colour and texture and may require some sorting before use.

2. Type/Color

Indian sandstone comes in different types and colours such as reds, yellows, browns, greens, greys, and whites. Each type has its unique characteristics that can impact its price. For example:

  • Red sandstone tends to be more expensive due to its rarity.
  • Yellow sandstone is relatively common but still highly sought after for its warm tones.
  • Brown/grey sandstones are widely available and tend to be more affordable.
  • The white/cream-coloured Raj Green variety often commands higher prices due to its popularity. 

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